Kendall McDonald, Tara Littlefield, Office of Kentucky Nature Preserves

The Office of Kentucky Nature Preserves (OKNP) is the natural heritage and natural areas program for Kentucky. OKNP maintains the Kentucky rare species database, and acquires and manages natural areas and nature preserves that host high quality communities and rare species. In 2019, OKNP created the Kentucky Forest Biodiversity Program (KFBP) in order to more efficiently address conservation concerns of Kentucky’s forests such as a conservation status of forest medicinal plants and other species of conservation concern, forest health, floristic quality, and increases in invasive species. OKNP conducted forest assessments at long term monitoring sites in approximately 20% of Kentucky’s counties. 20% of counties will be surveyed each year, completing the state wide inventory after 5 years (2019-2023). The KFBP focuses on surveys of rare and conservative forested plant species, forest community diversity and structure, herbaceous diversity, forest medicinal plants/species of commercial concern, invasive species and other threats. With creation of new partnerships, OKNP was able to increase staff and resources to make the KFBP possible. By leveraging existing resources of several statewide projects, creating an efficient data collection standard and building a larger database for all species and communities (biodiversity database), OKNP was able to create a more comprehensive program that addresses core biodiversity questions of Kentucky’s forests and meets the data needs for various partners throughout the state.

Contributing Author(s): 
Date Recorded: 
Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Stacy Anderson, Joe Davitt, Katie Heineman, David Hogan, Joyce Maschinski, and Tobin Weatherson, San Diego Zoo Global

Declining small populations may be supported through augmentation. To aid the smallest of five populations of the tiny endangered succulent, Dudleya brevifolia, The Chaparral Lands Conservancy approached the San Diego Zoo Global Plant Conservation team to augment the smallest population located on delicate sandstone bluffs of the Torrey Pines State Reserve Extension in Del Mar. On January 19, 2017, we germinated seed and grew plants in our nursery to learn about propagation needs. On January 4, 2019, we introduced 46 corms into two predesignated transect plots on two areas near the small extant population. Prior to planting, we cleaned each corm of potting soil, measured its length, assigned a unique id, and randomly designated it to a plot. On the installation day, we drilled holes in the sandstone to accommodate the corms, backfilled each with native soil, and watered. We noted the location of each introduced corm with a small nail and recorded x,y coordinates and GPS location using a sub-meter GPS. Later we buried 23 mm HDX pit tags next to the corms to ensure long-term location of each individual. Following installation, we monitored the status of each corm every two weeks. Thus far, we have noted aboveground growth of 8 individuals. However, we cannot determine if the corms are actively growing underground. We will continue to monitor the phenology of the corms this spring though it is possible that introduced corms are establishing underground and will not initiate aboveground growth until next spring.

Date Recorded: 
Friday, May 3, 2019